The United States issues a number of grants and contracts for conduct that will occur overseas and could be reported by a whistleblower.
Foreign developmental assistance has been the subject of a number of lawsuits under the False Claims Act. The United States partners with companies, non-governmental organizations and local governments to enhance security, democracy, health, education, economic development and other foreign policy goals. The majority of these foreign aid funds are provided through the US AID but other organizations, like the U.S. African Development Foundation which funds agricultural development in Africa, also award money for initiatives. American companies and international organizations are often awarded money and contracts but there is an increased push to award local vendors in the target country.
Defense contracts for transportation, logistics and communications services are also covered regardless of location. For example, issues have come to light about the billing practices of companies providing services to the military in the Middle East pursuant to contracts. The businesses billed the government for costs related to services they did not adequately provide or for subcontracts tainted by kickbacks.
Not all government contracts involving international fraud are for money intended to be spent around the globe. The Buy American Act, as well as similar legislation, is the opposite. It requires the purchase of American made products by the government unless they are unavailable or pose an unacceptable additional cost. Companies certify their products are BAA compliant when they are awarded contracts. If they are subsequently unable to supply compliant products, they must contact the government so they can award the contract elsewhere or provide a waiver. Unfortunately, companies will sometimes fraudulently certify compliance and substitute foreign made goods.