What Birth Injuries Cause Cerebral Palsy?


If you’re preparing to have a child or are already pregnant with a child, you might have started to do some research to help make sure that your child is healthy!

One of the things that you might have come across during your research is the term “birth injury.” In case you’re still not sure what a birth injury is, it is a type of medical malpractice that you – or your baby can suffer – that can end up causing severe and permanent harm to your baby.

A common issue that can crop up as a result of a birth injury is cerebral palsy. Indeed, one of the most common consequences of a severe enough birth injury will cause cerebral palsy in your child.

However, as you may have realized from the wording, there are a few other birth injury possibilities that might also cause cerebral palsy. If, when it comes time to have your baby, you think that you or your baby might be a victim of anything listed in this article, contact another doctor and also contact a cerebral palsy birth injury lawyer. 

You might be eligible to make a settlement claim and gain some money to try and increase your child’s standard of living. 


Cerebral Palsy

According to the CDC, “Cerebral palsy is a disorder that affects a person’s ability to move and maintain balance and posture. [It] is caused by abnormal development of or damage to the brain.” 

Some people with cerebral palsy will also suffer from other conditions such as intellectual disabilities, seizures, vision, hearing, or speaking problems, spinal deformities, or joint issues.

It’s bad news all around, and to know that it could be caused by medical malpractice is heartbreaking.

Parts of the brain that lead to the different types of cerebral palsy – photo by Ceimile95, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons


Causes of Cerebral Palsy

Most cases of cerebral palsy are due to genetics. Unfortunately, if a bad hand of the genetic lottery is the cause of cerebral palsy, there isn’t much that can be done to prevent it. 

However, birth injuries are to blame for about 20% of cerebral palsy cases in children. The main cause of cerebral palsy is a severe lack of oxygen to the child’s brain during development, called neonatal anoxic brain injury, or, even worse, significant trauma to the baby’s head during labor or delivery.



Sometimes, if a baby is stuck or if the baby is in an odd position that might make for a difficult birth, the doctor might attempt to get the baby from the mother’s womb using forceps or a specialized medical vacuum.

However, both of these carry risks of inducing trauma onto the child, which, if severe enough, can result in varying levels of cerebral palsy severity for the baby.

If a doctor is even the slightest bit too forceful using forceps or in a vacuum delivery, your baby can have permanent and irreversible health issues. A vacuum-assisted delivery  injury lawyer may be what you need if this medical malpractice happens to you and your baby.

BruceBlaus, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons


Birth Complications

Other complications that might occur during birth can also cause cerebral palsy. Complications such as a placenta detaching, the uterus rupturing, or issues with umbilical cord prolapse . . . all of these can negatively affect a baby and make it hard for them to get the oxygen they need. 

A lack of oxygen in the brain is the cause of most cases of cerebral palsy. It is the on-site medical professional’s job to make sure that, in the event of fetal distress in your baby, they act swiftly – but with care – to get oxygen to the baby as quickly and safely as possible.

Anything less might lead to them being sued under the umbrella of medical malpractice. 


Other Causes of Cerebral Palsy

Realize that, if you’re thinking you’ve been a victim of medical malpractice, you will only have a leg to stand on if your baby’s cerebral palsy was caused by a doctor’s negligence.

However, a majority of cerebral palsy cases are – unfortunately – caused by genetic deficiencies. If this is the case, there might not be anything you can do, and there also isn’t anything you can do to prevent it.

But in all other situations, there are things that the mother can do to try and lessen the chance – assuming that the doctors hold up their end of the bargain and don’t cause a birth injury – of cerebral palsy in their child.

Some of these things are:

  • Be as healthy as possible before pregnancy
  • Get vaccinated for certain diseases (such as chickenpox and rubella) before becoming pregnant
  • Try to prevent twins, triplets, quadruplets, etc.
  • Get frequent prenatal care
  • Wash your hands often to try and prevent infections that might put the baby at risk
  • Contact a medical professional if you get sick so they can help you manage the sickness in a way that won’t harm the baby
  • Get the flu shot
  • Compare your blood type with that of the baby and work early to prevent problems that might crop up if the baby is a different blood type than the mother 
  • Try to mitigate risks of potential preterm birth
  • React quickly and in the most efficient way possible if your baby shows severe signs of jaundice
  • Vaccinate your child against certain diseases as soon as doing so won’t harm them 


Medical Malpractice

If you’ve done all these things and you don’t have a genetic history of cerebral palsy, but your child still ends up with cerebral palsy, you might be a victim of medical malpractice.

If this is the case, and you believe that you or your baby are victims of medical malpractice, contact a lawyer or other knowledgeable professional who will work with you to get justice for the crime committed against you. A Cerebral Palsy Birth Injury Lawyer will be well versed in the complexities of birth injury malpractice cases and can guide you through this difficult time in order to get the compensation you deserve. Call the experienced team of lawyers at Mceldrew Young Purtell Merritt at (866) 721-8431 or fill out or form here for a free consultation on your case today.

What Is Shoulder Dystocia?


When it comes to giving birth, several risks may occur, even with all the medical advancements of the last one hundred years. The potential for these risks can make childbirth – which is already a nerve-racking experience – seem even scarier.

When you consider that some risks that come with childbirth can come because of medical malpractice (which is when a doctor or medical professional makes a mistake during your treatment that results in injury or worse to whoever they’re treating), the whole experience might seem even scarier.

One of these things might even be shoulder dystocia, which is something that can happen during childbirth to your child – and it can even have consequences on the mother as well.


What Is Shoulder Dystocia?

Shoulder dystocia is when the baby’s head has breached the cervix but one of the shoulders becomes stuck behind the mother’s pubic bone. When this happens, it can delay the birth. In this specific case, doctors will likely need to enlist additional help to release the baby’s shoulder.

However, if they do it wrong, they could permanently injure the baby. If this happened to your baby, you might be a victim of medical malpractice and you may require the aid of an experienced infant broken or fractured bone lawyer.


What Are The Causes of Shoulder Dystocia?

It might seem scary, but shoulder dystocia can happen to any pregnant woman. Although some factors, called “risk factors,” might make it more likely, shoulder dystocia might end up as a happenstance situation that can’t be prepared for.

Unfortunately, even with the list of risk factors, it can be challenging for providers to predict or prevent shoulder dystocia in your baby.

When it comes to shoulder dystocia, some risk factors include:

  • Having a heavy baby (one that weighs more than 8 pounds, 13 ounces (the more your baby weighs, the more likely it is that you’ll need to have a c-section, which can prevent shoulder dystocia).
  • Having preexisting diabetes or gestational diabetes. Diabetes is a risk factor because women who have gestational diabetes tend to have babies that weigh more (see the first point).
  • Having had a baby suffer from shoulder dystocia in a previous pregnancy.
  • Having multiple babies at one time (twins, triplets, quadruplets, etc.)
  • Being overweight before pregnancy or becoming overweight during pregnancy.

Additionally, some factors might occur during labor that might also increase the chance of shoulder dystocia:

  • Using oxytocin to induce labor.
  • Using a pain aid to help make labor easier, such as an epidural.
  • Having a very short or very long second stage of labor (the part of labor where you push and eventually give birth to your baby).
  • Having an operative vaginal birth/assisted vaginal birth, which is when the doctor will use tools (e.g., forceps or a delivery-vacuum) to help the baby make it through the birth canal.


Consequences of Shoulder Dystocia

Luckily, most mothers and babies will recover just fine from instances of shoulder dystocia. There are, of course, some rare cases that count as outliers. However, although they might recover, they might still have to deal with the following issues.

For babies:

  • Fractures may happen in the collarbone or the arm.
  • Damaged brachial plexus nerves (these are the nerves that go from the spinal cord in the neck to the arm, and they’re the ones that provide feeling and movement in the arms, shoulder, and hands.)
  • Although this one is quite rare, neonatal asphyxia can cause brain damage or even death to the baby.

For the mother: 

  • Postpartum hemorrhaging, which is when the mother experiences extremely heavy – potentially deadly – amounts of bleeding after they give birth.
  • Tearing of the perineum – severe enough that they might need surgery.
  • Uterine rupturing, which is when the uterus tears during labor. Although this happening is rare, it is still very possible.


Medical Malpractice

Shoulder dystocia is one of the potential consequences of an atypical birth. If you suffered this, you might be eligible for a medical malpractice claim. Seek out birth injury lawyers in PA that specifically work within this sphere, so that you know you’ll get quality service from the lawyer.

If you have a settlement claim and you succeed with it, you might end up with the funds necessary to give your child the life you want for them. Additionally, funds that end up being used for special needs situations – such as what your child might be experiencing especially those suffering from a brachial plexus birth injury – don’t count as taxable income and they also accrue interest. This can help your child be financially secure throughout their life. 

Whatever your specific needs, if you or your child ends up experiencing shoulder dystocia, make sure to do whatever you need to do for you and yours to receive the justice you deserve. Call the team at Mceldrew Young Purtell Merritt for a free consultation at (866) 721-8431, or fill out our contact for here.

Improper Fetal Heart Monitoring Complications That Might Count As Medical Malpractice


When it comes to childbirth, doctors are meant to be there to make sure that everything is going as smoothly as possible. They are meant to use technological advancements, science, and eagle-eyed monitoring to ensure that the baby is never in distress and that everything goes well.

There is, of course, the possibility that things outside of their scope occur, but all the same, most events are meant to go as smoothly as possible when it comes to childbirth.

One of the ways that they might continue to watch and make sure that things go well during childbirth is to monitor the heart of the fetus as it’s emerging from the birth canal.

Childbirth is hard on the mother and on the baby. For this reason, doctors are meant to take consistent stock of the mother’s status and the baby’s status by monitoring their heart rates and other factors.

If a doctor didn’t do proper monitoring, there might be complications during childbirth, and you might be eligible for a settlement claim for birth injury medical malpractice.


Medical Malpractice

Fetal distress is when a baby’s heart rate is either much higher or much lower than expected. This typically means that the baby is struggling to get enough oxygen. This is why it is vital for doctors to monitor the heart rates and ensure everything is going all right. A lack of oxygen in the newborn can lead to complications such as infant asphyxia which can lead to problems as serious as seizures or cerebral palsy caused by birth complication.

If you think you’ve been a victim of medical malpractice, and if you think you or your baby are suffering from it, please contact a lawyer to discuss if you have any grounds for a settlement claim.


Preventing Fetal Distress

Fetal distress is when a baby’s heart rate is either much higher or much lower than expected. This typically means that the baby is struggling to get enough oxygen. This is why it is important for doctors to monitor the heart rates and make sure everything is going all right.

If doctors discover that there is something improper going on with the baby’s heartbeat, there are a few things they can do to try and help the baby.

The end goal is to make sure that the baby is getting enough oxygen, and this can be helped by:

  • Doing an amnioinfusion, which is a process that refers to the installation of fluid into the amniotic cavity to fix an extremely low amount of amniotic fluid in the amniotic cavity.
  • Administering extra oxygen to the mother
  • Providing the mother with additional IV fluids
  • Changing the mother’s position
  • Stimulating the fetal scalp which might help accelerate the baby’s heart rate
  • Decreasing or stopping contraction-enhancing medications such as Pitocin or Cytotec
  • Doing a C-Section

When it comes to making sure that a baby is in distress for the shortest amount of time possible, the best way to manage this is to perform an emergency c-section on the mother. When it comes to helping a baby, there are truly very few things a doctor can do to try and get the baby out of the distressing situation, which means it might be best to default to a C-section. Sometimes if the doctors delay a c-section too long, the damage to the baby cannot be reversed, and this is considered a delayed c-section medical malpractice case.

Once they get the baby from the uterus, the possibilities open up for what the doctors can do to help the baby. Once the baby is out of the mother, doctors can initiate resuscitation or other procedures to help the baby no longer be distressed.


Are You In Need of Legal Help?

If you think that you or your baby are victims of improper fetal heart monitoring, then you should reach out to a legal team to see if you’re eligible for additional support or a settlement claim. 

If you or your baby is suffering from the consequences of fetal monitoring errors, hypoxic-Ischemic Encephalopathy (HIE), or other birth-related injuries, seek help. The reason you might have a claim is because fetal monitoring is meant to help the medical staff on the scene take immediate and beneficial actions.

However, if a medical professional misinterprets or ignores these signs, you might be eligible for a medical malpractice claim. The sole purpose of the fetal cardiac monitor is to alert any on-site medical staff of any signs of fetal distress. If the baby ends up in any distress, the medical professionals are meant to use swift and appropriate actions to get the baby out of distress. If a healthcare provider ignores or misinterprets however they’re monitoring the signs of fetal distress, it might result in oxygen deprivation and newborn brain damage.

This is called medical malpractice and falls under the umbrella of a birth injury.

Because of how important and detrimental these types of cases can be, birth injury cases will typically require extensive and highly specialized knowledge to have a claim filed. If you want to see the best results for your claim, you must make sure that your lawyer is well-versed in both medical practices and in law practices.

Make sure that you work with a lawyer or with a firm that has a proven track record of success when it comes to cases involving birth injuries and other similar complications. The PA Birth Injury lawyers at Mceldrew Young Purtell Merritt have handled hundreds of birth injury cases, and have extensive knowledge on how to make sure you get the damages you deserve to make your life easier after such a traumatic experience. Call 1-866-721-8431 or fill out our form for a free consultation – we want to get you the representation that you deserve!

Can Stevens-Johnson Syndrome be Mild?


Stevens-Johnson Syndrome is a condition that can suddenly develop in an individual, usually as a reaction to a medication or in individuals with a weakened immune system.

This article will unpack what Stevens-Johnson Syndrome (SJS) is, how someone can get SJS, and answer the question, can Stevens-Johnson Syndrome be mild?

What Is Stevens-Johnson Syndrome?

Stevens-Johnson Syndrome is a severe condition that affects the skin and mucus membranes all over and within the body. A person experiencing this syndrome will develop a rash all over their body and their skin may begin blistering. The skin may start flaking off as this condition becomes more severe, as it attempts to heal over the painful blisters.

What Are the Symptoms of Stevens-Johnson Syndrome?

When SJS first begins to appear, you may experience flu-like symptoms. These symptoms can include:

  • General fatigue
  • Tiredness
  • Soreness
  • Sore throat or mouth
  • Burning eyes

However usual these initial symptoms may be, SJS will quickly develop into something much more severe. It may be difficult to tell if the condition you’re experiencing at first is a flu or something else, but as it develops you will notice more unique and severe symptoms. Once these appear, seek medical attention as soon as possible to help start treatments and prevent permanent injury or death.

These symptoms include:

  • Painful red or purple skin
  • Skin that peels or looks heavily blistered
  • Clusters of blisters around your mouth, nose, eyes, and genitals
  • Red, swollen, painful, watery eyes

It may take a few days for these symptoms to appear but act promptly once they do. While you see blistering on the outside, there is also blistering accruing within the body of a person suffering from SJS. This can make it difficult to swallow, go to the bathroom, and digest. Getting treatment quickly can prevent permanent damage from occurring to your internal organs and help alleviate symptoms faster.

What Are Treatments for SJS?

Treatment can be complicated and may take weeks or months. The first step is removing the medication from a person’s system if the medicine is responsible for the onset of the syndrome. Then the individual must have their blisters and skin abrasions treated. A major part of treatment is alleviating the pain while the skin heals and regrows from the outbreak.

Overall, treatment can take a while to make sure the skin heals and grows back well without complications. This process can take weeks or months, depending upon the severity of the initial syndrome.

How Do You Get, or Know That You Could Develop, Stevens-Johnson Syndrome?

Stevens-Johnson Syndrome can happen for several reasons. The first is drugs or medicines, and the second is because of previously compromised health. Some of these medications include:

  • Common gout medications
  • Seizure medications
  • Mental illness medications
  • Some antibiotics
  • Pain relievers, particularly in children

If you discover that a drug is responsible for your Stevens-Johnson Syndrome, you can no longer imbibe that medication and should avoid other medications from the same family of medicine.

A person may be more susceptible to SJS for health reasons, some of these reasons may be:

  • Compromised immune systems, like those associated with HIV
  • Very young and very old people are more susceptible
  • Cancer, and cancer treatments
  • A personal history with SJS
  • A family or genetic history with SJS

Can This Condition Be Mild?

The simple answer to this question is no.

Any case of SJS is a medical emergency. While some cases of this syndrome may show less severe symptoms than in another case, any breaking out of Sevens-Johnson Syndrome should be treated seriously and addressed quickly. If these symptoms suddenly develop and increase in severity, then you should quickly call emergency services or get someone to take you to the ER.

Treat these symptoms extremely seriously and stop taking all medications until you can work with a doctor to identify which medications activated the Stevens-Johnson Syndrome.

Consult with an Attorney

If you, or your loved one, has suffered a severe injury or wrongful death at the hands of a medical professional or institution, consult with an attorney to see if your case has validity. Failure to diagnose this condition can mean that you or your loved one was forced to have increasingly worse symptoms that could have led–or did lead to—death. If you believe the onset and worsening of this condition was because of medical negligence, you may be entitled to compensation for the pain and suffering caused by this syndrome.

Contact McEldrew Young Purtell Merritt to find an experienced lawyer to handle your case. You can find a lawyer that knows how to deal with medical cases that center around Stevens-Johnson Syndrome. If you need help getting the compensation you deserve, visit the McEldrew Young Purtell Merritt website, or fill out a contact sheet.

What Is Hypoxic-Ischemic Encephalopathy In Babies?


Few things are scarier in this world than bringing a new life into it. As a new parent, you definitely want your child to be perfect from their fingers to their toes, but the fact of the matter is that this doesn’t happen all the time.

Although sometimes babies suffering or missing basic necessities and ending up with diseases might be an issue with them having bad luck with the genetic lottery, other things might have gone wrong.

One of them is medical malpractice. It’s possible that if something happens to your baby, that it wasn’t genetics fault – it was the fault of the doctors who helped deliver the baby.

When it comes to babies and potential medical malpractice, one of the most common issues a baby might suffer from is called HIE, or hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy.


Hypoxic Ischemic Encephalopathy

HIE is a severe type of oxygen deprivation that can occur in newborns. It happens when the body no longer regulates the air to the brain, meaning that this type of asphyxiation can result in brain damage, disabilities, Cerebral Palsy, and death. These are called anoxic brain injuries.

This is likely not the type of situation you’d like your child to have to live with. Doctors have crafted three different stages that are used to discuss hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy.

Stage I

This is considered to be mild HIE. Mild HIE can show up in floppy muscles, fussiness, difficulty feeding, and sleeping, frequent crying, etc. Luckily, most of these symptoms should end up disappearing within 24 hours of birth. Still, it is essential to treat and monitor these symptoms very closely.

Stage II

This is considered to be moderate or severe HIE. If this is occurring in your child it can show up as lethargy, hypotonia (muscle weakness), fewer reactions to reflex stimuli, weak grip strength, trouble breathing, seizures, etc.

As you may be able to guess from the increased severity of the symptoms, it is of paramount importance that these symptoms are monitored and treated as effectively and efficiently as possible. The first few weeks are the most crucial for treating Stage II HIE in babies.

Stage III

This is the most critical of the three stages, and it’s the stage that carries the most danger. If your baby has Stage III HIE, they might show symptoms of falling into a coma-like stupor, no response to external stimuli, difficulty breathing, no muscle tension, vision problems, seizures, an irregular newborn heartbeat, etc. 

The only way to treat a child with Stage III HIE is to keep them properly monitored and treated. However, even with treatment and monitoring, extremely severe cases of HIE may cause permanent injury or even wrongful death.

Parts of the brain where anoxic injuries can lead to the different types of cerebral palsy – photo by Ceimile95, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons


HIE and Medical Malpractice

HIE may occur naturally in your child. At this point, all you can do is monitor and treat them and hope for the best.

However, it is also possible that a child’s HIE was caused by an accident a doctor made – such as the umbilical cord being wrapped around the child’s neck (preventing it from breathing) and the doctor not recommending a C-section fast enough – in which case, you’ll have a case for medical malpractice.

If you have a child who has a birth injury, getting the legal help that can lead to potential financial aid can make a large difference in how the child recovers during the rest of their life. Because of how touchy these injuries can be, it’s important to act quickly if you think something might be wrong with the child.

Many attorneys specifically work in these cases where a child’s birth injury was caused by a preventable medical mistake. If this sounds like something you’re dealing with, reach out to an anoxic brain injury attorney at (866) 721-8431 and see what your options are.


Do You Need An Attorney for Hypoxic-Ischemic Encephalopathy?

Birth injury – which HIE falls under – is a specific type of medical malpractice. If you file a claim for a birth injury situation, the verdict (if it goes in your favor) can truly help the child going forward.

When it comes to this particular medical malpractice, whatever birth injury attorneys you choose will do most of the work for you. Experienced Hypoxic-Ischemic Encephalopathy Lawyers will do the work of consulting with medical experts, gathering information, and building the case for you, so that you have less to worry about.

Although winning a birth injury settlement case is unlikely to help your child be cured – if they can be cured – the settlement will typically be put into a specific sort of special needs trust that is meant to help the child receive lifelong care. The money will also often be able to gain interest, so you should hopefully end up with more money to help care for your child. Additionally, this money doesn’t count as taxable income for the child, which means that the child’s benefits will be preserved over the years.

Working with a medical malpractice attorney like those McEldrew  Your Purtell Merritt will help you find a way to not have to worry about how you’ll afford your child’s specialized care. Secondarily, it will also add to the system of accountability for medal practitioners to ensure that they are held responsible for any and all mistakes they make. Fill out our form today to get a free consultation on your case as soon as possible.

What Are The Causes And Repercussions Of A Delayed Delivery Childbirth?


Whether you’re preparing to give birth to your first child or your seventh, childbirth continues to be a scary thing. It might feel like there are millions of things that can go wrong, and that’s a feeling that can be very disconcerting.

This feeling can be heightened and get even worse if you end up having doctors who don’t seem willing to pay attention to and worry about the specific things you need while you’re pregnant.

If you think you or your child has been the victim of delayed delivery childbirth, then this article is for you.


What Is A Delayed Delivery Childbirth?

Delayed Delivery Childbirth (DDC) is also sometimes known as the failure to progress. Although medical science is still unsure about how and why this happens, they’ve determined that it can occur for a variety of reasons.

If you experienced delayed delivery childbirth and it wasn’t properly treated, you may have been at more risk than you imagined. DDC can result in serious and potentially life-threatening injuries to you and your child, and no one wants that!


What Are The Causes Associated With A Delayed Delivery?

Doctors and other medical professionals still don’t know exactly what might cause a pregnancy to last much longer than estimated. Sometimes, it’s something as simple as a miscalculated due date, but other times, there might be pre-existing conditions that can extend the time that you’re pregnant.

Most of these are things that a doctor should have caught and informed you of so that you can be prepared and so that you won’t be at as much risk. 

Some of these factors include (but please keep in mind that they aren’t limited to the following, so be willing to do further research):

  • A family history of a delayed delivery
  • Maternal diabetes
  • Having a male child
  • Maternal obesity
  • A cervix that does not properly dilate
  • Overdue pregnancy (when you go over a gestation period of 42 weeks)
  • Congenital deformities of the pelvis or tailbone
  • Unusual presentation of a child (i.e., breech position)
  • One or both parents being of larger size and weight
  • A mother who is shorter than the national average (about 5’3” or less)
  • Maternal drug use
  • Severe pain during labor.

There are many other factors, but if you’re suffering from any of these, you might be more at risk of delayed delivery. A doctor must be upfront with the potential risks.


What Are Some Signs Of A Delayed Delivery Childbirth?

On top of the already-mentioned potential causes, several other symptoms and signs might indicate a delayed delivery. These include (but again, are not limited to):

  • Less than three contractions (that last less than 40 seconds) that occur within ten minutes
  • Dilation of the cervix that dilates at a rate of less than 1cm/hour for two hours in a row
  • No change (or little change) in the baby’s progression into the birth canal after the mother has been pushing for three hours with a fully dilated cervix (10 cm)

If you experienced any of this, you might have been in more danger than you realized. As such, you might have a birth injury medical malpractice case on your hands.


What Are Some of the Consequences Caused By A Delayed Delivery Childbirth?

If you suspect you might have been a victim of delayed delivery childbirth, you and your child might be experiencing some side effects.

If you or your child are suffering from any of the following effects, please contact a doctor and a birth injury attorney today.

Some consequences include (but once again, they are not limited to):


Delayed Delivery And Medical Malpractice

It can be heartbreaking to discover that your child might have to live the rest of their life differently from neurotypical individuals. Read through the following list and see if anything on it sounds familiar.

If any of the upcoming items sound familiar, it might be that you’ve been a victim of medical malpractice, and would benefit from getting in touch with an experienced delayed c-section lawyer.

Did your doctor:

  • Make a delayed decision to perform a Cesarean section?
  • Fail to monitor for and/or detect fetal distress?
  • Improper use of a vacuum extractor or forceps?
  • Fail to administer oxygen to a newborn in distress?
  • Fail to diagnose a pregnancy-related medical condition such as gestational diabetes?
  • Fail to detect and address certain fetal conditions that may cause a delayed delivery?
  • Miscalculate the baby’s size, leading to delivery complications?
  • Improperly administer Pitocin or Cytotec, which are medications used to induce labor?
  • Fail to enlist the help of obstetric specialists to assist you with a high-risk pregnancy?
  • Fail to recognize when a child is in a breech position?
  • Fail to move forward with vaginal delivery?

If this is the case for your specific situation, please reach out to a lawyer and see if you have a case to receive aid for your neuro-divergent child. The birth injury lawyers at McEldrew Young Purtell Merritt are experienced with birth complications and will fight for you to get the compensation you and your family deserve. Call today at 866-357-8614 or fill out our form here for a free consultation concerning your case.

The 5 Most Dangerous Birth Complications

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Having your baby should be a joyous occasion. Bringing new life into the world is a fulfilling but heavy responsibility, and you want to do everything you can to make sure that your newborn is healthy.

However, the path to this successful future can be disrupted as early as birth, where complications can occur that affect the lives of parent and child irrevocably. This list will cover some of the most dangerous birth complications that you should be aware of.

If your newborn was injured in a birth complication caused by medical negligence, consider hiring an attorney to make sure you receive all the compensation that you deserve. If you hire an experienced birth and natal injury lawyer from McEldrew Young Purtell Merritt, you get a legal team ready to ensure your rights are protected, and that the people responsible for injuring your newborn are held accountable.

List of 5 Most Dangerous Birth Complications

While there are a variety of complications that can occur when having a child, some complications are more dangerous than others. The following complications can be unavoidable, but medical staff can often take steps to avoid excessive damages to the newborn if the complication is noticed early enough.

One: Shoulder Dystocia

Shoulder dystocia occurs when a baby’s shoulder becomes caught on the mother’s pelvis bone or becomes stuck before entering the birth canal. If the baby becomes stuck it quickly becomes a medical emergency. A baby being stuck in that position can cause the vital oxygen flow to stop and lead to oxygen deprivation. This can cause permanent brain injury or even death and may cause cerebral palsy.

To avoid this, a baby needs to be quickly dislodged from where it is stuck. Why this is one of the most dangerous complications, however, is because what doctors and nursing staff can do to rectify this condition may also cause other problems. If medical professionals use too much pressure, force, or pull and twist too hard, they can cause physical damage to the baby. This excessive force can fracture the baby’s delicate collar bones and cause severe damage to the base of the neck, leading to Erb’s palsy.

Two: Fetal Macrosomia

Fetal macrosomia refers to a child that is too large to safely give birth to through the vaginal canal. As a rule, this is any baby that is over nine pounds. There is nothing medically wrong with being or having a large baby. However, a large baby is far more likely to get stuck in the birthing canal, leading to oxygen deprivation and potentially causing significant brain injuries.

Three: Umbilical Cord Prolapse

A prolapsed umbilical cord is a serious birth complication (though it only rarely occurs, happening in less than one percent of pregnancies). It occurs when the umbilical cord enters the birthing canal before the baby does. In a typical birth, the baby exits the womb and enters the vaginal canal head-first. Once the child has exited the mother, the umbilical cord follows.

When the umbilical cord prolapses and is instead in front of the baby, this is a very precarious situation. As the baby starts to exit the womb, it will push on and compress the umbilical cord. This can restrict and even cut off the baby’s oxygen supply as the umbilical cord become more compressed through labor.

If the umbilical cord becomes prolapsed, the baby needs to immediately be delivered. This is one of the only cases where the oxygen supply can be completely cut off from the child, resulting in a high perinatal mortality rate for births where the umbilical cord is prolapsed.

Four: Uterine Rupture

This complication is incredibly dangerous for both mother and child. While a very rare occurrence, uterine rupture occurs when the uterine wall of the mother’s uterus tears. This can occur without warning, and severe cases may cause a hole to open in the uterus allowing for amniotic fluid to leak out from the uterus and in the worst case, the baby may even exit the womb.

A uterine rupture should immediately be addressed, and the baby needs to be delivered within minutes, as this complication quickly leads to oxygen deprivation. Even if an emergency C-section is done within 10-30 minutes, it may not be soon enough to prevent brain injury or infant death.

Five: Chorioamnionitis

This condition is caused during pregnancy because a bacterial infection carried by the mother enters the amniotic fluid or fetal membrane, and sometimes both. Though it is fairly common for the mother to gain a bacterial infection during pregnancy, chorioamnionitis is very rare and more dangerous.

A bacterial infection in the amniotic fluid can impact oxygen flow and nutrients to the baby, which can cause brain injuries. This condition may cause premature labor and increases the chance of your child developing cerebral palsy.

Getting Compensation

If you believe that your newborn child was injured by a birth complication because of medical negligence, you may be entitled to compensation. Consider McEldrew Young Purtell Merritt when hiring a birth injury lawyer. From broken bones or trauma to delayed C-sections, if your baby was injured during birth McEldrew Young Purtell Merritt can help you hold the right people responsible.

If you choose to pursue legal action, you likely get compensation for mental anguish and receive funds to help you adjust your life to caring for a child with cerebral or Erb’s palsy. McEldrew Young Purtell Merritt can help you get the compensation you need. Fill out a contact form, find a location near you in the Pennsylvania area, or call us at 1-800-590-4116.

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