Senators Chuck Grassley and Patrick Leahy reintroduced the Criminal Antitrust Anti-Retaliation Act into the Senate. CAARA prohibits employer retaliation against employees providing information to the Department of Justice about conduct violating criminal antitrust law.
The legislation as currently written does not provide for rewards for antitrust whistleblowers. The Government has expressed concern that it will be more difficult to make their case under the criminal law with a higher burden of proof than civil cases if their star witness of the conspiracy will receive a reward. The United States already provides limited immunity to certain individuals or companies that come forward first with evidence of their participation in an antitrust conspiracy.
Internationally, several countries do provide monetary awards in this area. The United Kingdom, South Korea, Hungary and Pakistan all pay for information about price fixing cartels. A Government Acountability Office report in July 2011 found support for rewards in the United States mixed.
The bill is one of a number under consideration by Congress and the States. The Motor Vehicle Safety Whistleblower Act sponsored by Senators Thune and Nelson to incentivize auto whistleblowers has already passed the Senate. New York’s Attorney General Eric Schneiderman has also announced a proposal for the Financial Frauds Whistleblower Act to compensate whistleblowers in the banking, insurance and financial services industries.