If you or a family member suffered burns that resulted in serious injury or death, contact one of our Philadelphia burn injury attorneys for a free, no obligation initial legal consultation.
You may often hear about the different degrees that people may suffer. These classify the extent of the burns to the depths of their skin. Superficial burns to the outer layer of the skin are known as first-degree burns. A third degree burn effects all layers of the skin. When an individual has fourth degree burns, the damage extends to the underlying muscle or bone.
Burns are also graded by the total body surface area where skin is infected. When more than 30% of the skin’s surface area is damaged, inflammation causes additional issues in survival and recovery. Most burns involve less than 10% of the Total Body Surface Area, also known as the TBSA.
Burn Injury Statistics
Approximately 450,000 individuals in the United States require medical treatment each year for burns. Nearly 50,000 of them are hospitalized. Across the country there are more than 100 self-designated burn care facilities and about 25,000 of those in hospitals end up in a burn center.
The survival rate for burns is high, with more than 95% of those injured surviving their injuries. Unfortunately, about 3,500 die every year from fires and burns here in America. Around the world, about 300,000 die from burns every year.
How are people injured?
About 43% of those that suffer burns result from a fire or flame. These injuries may result from many different sources, including matches, fireworks, campfire, house fire or forest fire. Smoking and heating devices are the largest causes of house fires.
Scalding is the second most common type of case of burns. These burns result from contact with hot liquid or moisture such as boiling water, hot coffee or steam.
About 9% of burns result from contact with a hot object such as the electric or gas cook-top on a stove.
A small percentage of people are burned due to electricity, chemical exposure or radiation. However, chemical burns are the cause of as many as 30% of burn deaths. More than 25,000 chemicals can result in burns, either through contact with the skin or ingestion. Electrical burns typically involve electrical cords, electrical outlets, lightning strikes or contact with electricity outdoors through wires, fences, or other avenues.